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Basic Guide to Documentation for Importing and Exporting in Mexico.


International trade is a fundamental pillar of the global economy, facilitating the exchange of goods and services between countries. According to the National Foreign Trade Information Service (SNICE), it involves the importation and exportation of products, with importation being the introduction of goods or services into a country and exportation being the sale of products abroad. This activity is vital for meeting a country's needs by exchanging basic goods for those in which the country has a competitive advantage. Additionally, it contributes to economic growth and the improvement of the population's standard of living. 


In the case of Mexico, international trade plays a crucial role, representing 88% of the country's GDP in 2022, according to the World Bank. This activity also drives the creation of millions of jobs and attracts significant foreign direct investment (FDI). 


Documentation Required for Importing and Exporting in Mexico. 


Importing and exporting goods are fundamental pillars of Mexico's commerce. However, each shipment of goods involves specific requirements, taxes, and other essential aspects that must be complied with to avoid setbacks at customs, whether entering or leaving the country. In this article, we provide you with a basic guide on the necessary documentation for the import and export process in Mexico.

 

Importation   

Exportation 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For the company:   

  • Taxpayer Registration (RFC). 

  • Advanced Electronic Signature (FIEL).  

  • Registration in the Importers Registry.  

  • Registration in Specific Sectors Importers Registry (if applicable).  

  • Positive Opinion of Tax Obligations Compliance.  

  • Hiring the services of a customs agent or attorney-in-fact.  

  • Registration with the General Customs Administration of a conferred assignment granting the customs agent power to act in each import operation. 

  • Taxpayer Registration (RFC). 

  • Advanced Electronic Signature (FIEL).  

  • Registration in the Exporters Registry.  

  • Registration in Specific Sectors Exporters Registry (if applicable).  

  • Positive Opinion of Tax Obligations Compliance.  

  • Hiring the services of a customs agent or attorney-in-fact.  

  • Registration with the General Customs Administration of a conferred assignment granting the customs agent power to act in each export operation. 

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

For the goods:   

  • Certificate of origin.  

  • Payment of applicable duties and expenses for storage, loading, unloading, and transportation of goods.  

  • Having documents that validate compliance with non-tariff regulations and restrictions applicable to the merchandise (notices, Official Mexican Standards, permits, etc.).  

  • Commercial invoice.  

  • Packing list (specifying quantity, unit and total weight, cargo measurements, among other data).  

  • Transportation document (Bill of Lading, Waybill, or Airway Bill).  

  • Import declaration.  

  • Additional specific permits and licenses (according to the product): volume-weight certificate, purchase order, phytosanitary certificate, zoosanitary certificate, among others). 

  • Certificate of origin.  

  • Payment of duties.  

  • Having documents that validate compliance with tariff and non-tariff regulations and restrictions.  

  • Commercial invoice.  

  • Packing list.  

  • Transportation document (Bill of Lading, Waybill, or Airway Bill).  

  • Export declaration.  

  • Additional specific permits and licenses (according to the product). 

International trade is crucial for the global economy by facilitating the exchange of goods and services between nations, which contributes to development and improving the standard of living. In Mexico, international trade plays a vital role, representing a significant part of the GDP, generating employment, and attracting Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). However, to successfully carry out imports and exports in the country, it is necessary to comply with specific requirements and documentation. 


At SPARX Logistics, we have the necessary expertise to manage your import and export operations in Mexico. We offer comprehensive customs clearance services, including entry preparation, customs management, and post-entry monitoring. Our team of experts will advise you to ensure compliance with all regulations and government requirements. 

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Get the Ball Rolling!

A new sourcing location? Looking for potential savings? A tricky logistic situation you just can’t solve? Send us a message and we’ll respond within 48 hours of receiving your inquiry.
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